Tattoo is known to have two major derivations, from the Polynesian word ‘ta’ that means striking something and the Tahitian word ‘tatau’ meaning to mark something. The history of tattoo started more than five thousand years ago.  Tattoos are done by inserting materials under the surface of the skin. In the year 1991, a five thousand year old tattooed man made headlines on worldwide newspapers when his frozen body was found on a mountain between Italy and Austria. His skin has 57 tattoos.

In the border between Russia and China, a Russian archaeologist found mummies with tattoos on their bodies that date around 2400 years ago. The tattoos on their bodies are believed to be reflections of the status of the person. Many Americans associate tattoos with bikers, sailors and sideshow artists not too long ago. However, in recent years, tattoos became extremely popular. People who want tattoos inked on their bodies are as vast at the designs and styles they choose.

In the late 1800s, Samuel O’Reilly invented the tattoo machine based on an engraving design by Thomas Edison. O’Reilly made modifications on the engraving machine by changing the tube system and the rotary-driven electromagnetic oscillating unit for the machine to drive the needle.

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